Robotics | Definition, Applications, & Facts

What is Robotics?

Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robots. The goal of the field of robotics is to create intelligent machines that can assist humans in various ways.

Bots can take many different forms. A bot can resemble a human, or it can be in the form of a robotic application, such as a robotic process automation (RPA), which simulates how humans interact with software to perform rule-based repetitive tasks.

While the field of robotics and the exploration of potential uses and functions for robots has grown exponentially in the 20th century, the idea is certainly not new.

What is a Robot?

A robot is a programmable machine that can complete a task, while the term robotics describes a field of study that focuses on the development of robotics and automation. Each robot has a different level of autonomy. These levels range from human-controlled bots that perform tasks to fully autonomous bots that perform tasks without external influences. As technology advances, so does the scope of what are considered bots. In 2005, 90 percent of all robots were assembling cars in auto plants. These robots mainly consist of mechanical arms that are responsible for welding or fixing certain parts of the vehicle. Today, we are seeing an evolving and expanded definition of robotics that includes the development, creation and use of robots that perform tasks such as exploring the harshest conditions on the planet, assisting law enforcement, streamlining surgical procedures, carrying out tasks and rescuing.

Robotics Defined

As the general world of robotics expands, the robot has some consistent characteristics:

1: Robots consist of some kind of mechanical construction. The mechanical aspect helps the robot complete tasks in the environment for which it was designed. For example, the wheels of the Mars 2020 Rover are individually motorized and made of titanium tubes that help them grip firmly on the red planet’s rugged terrain.

2: Robots need electrical components that control and operate the machine. Basically, an electric current, a battery for example, is needed to power the vast majority of robots.

3: Robots have at least some level of computer programming. Without a set of codes to tell it what to do, the robot will be just another piece of simple machinery. Embedding a program in a bot gives it the ability to know when and how to perform a task.

We’re bound to see the promise of robotics sooner rather than later, as AI and software continue to advance as well. In the near future, thanks to advances in these technologies, robots will continue to become smarter, more agile, and more energy efficient. They will also continue to be a major focal point for smart factories, as they take on tougher challenges and help secure global supply chains.

The robotics industry is filled with impressive promise of progress that science fiction once could only dream of. From the deepest depths of our oceans to thousands of miles in outer space, robots will be found performing tasks that humans could only dream of accomplishing on their own.

Robotics Applications

There are many jobs in industries such as manufacturing, agriculture, entertainment, etc. It requires tedious, monotonous work that also requires a great deal of precision. In such situations, robots are more suitable than humans because they are accurate, intelligent, and do not get bored like humans! There are also tasks such as space and underwater exploration that are very dangerous and unsafe for humans. Here too, bots are the best because they never get tired and there is no chance of the bot dying! Because of these advantages, there are many applications for robots in almost every industry you can imagine. But let’s now take a look at the main applications in these ten industries.

1. Security

Imagine if all security guards were robots? Even thieves will be afraid! This is why robots are proposed as security agents, because they can protect humans and they will not be in danger like human security guards. Robotics companies are now working to connect robotic guards with life safety advisors. A very famous company in this field is Knightscope in the US which has autonomous security bots capable of assisting human security guards with actionable intelligence in real time. These bots can help with crimes like armed robbery, robbery, domestic violence, fraud, hit and run, etc.

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2. Space exploration

There are many things in space that are very dangerous for astronauts. Humans can’t walk around Mars all day collecting soil samples or working on a spacecraft repair from outside when in deep space! In these cases, robots are an excellent choice because there is no possibility of losing human lives at that time. So space organizations like NASA frequently use robots and autonomous vehicles to do things that humans can’t do. For example, the Mars Rover is an autonomous robot that travels around Mars and takes pictures of important or interesting Martian rock formations and then sends them back to Earth for NASA scientists to study.

3. Entertainment

Robots are also a huge attraction in the entertainment industry. While they can’t exactly become actors and actresses, they can be used behind the scenes in movies and series to manipulate the camera, provide special effects, and so on. They can be used to perform boring and repetitive tasks that are not suitable for humans, such as cinema. After all, it’s a creative industry. Robots can also be used to perform stunts that are too dangerous for humans but look great in an action movie. Theme parks such as Disney World are also using autonomous robots to enhance the magical experience for their patrons.

4. Agriculture

Agriculture is the sector that is the basis of human civilization. However, agriculture is also a seasonal sector which depends on ideal climatic conditions, optimum soil, etc. Also, there are many repetitive tasks in farming which are just a waste of time for farmers and could be performed more appropriately by robots. These include planting, weed control, harvesting, etc. Robots are commonly used to harvest crops, allowing farmers to be more efficient. An example of a robot used for weeding on farms is Ecorobotix. It is solar powered and can be used to direct and spray weeds using a complex camera system.

5. Health care

Robots have changed healthcare a lot. And all for the better! They can help doctors perform operations more accurately, use them as prostheses, provide treatment for patients, and so on. The possibilities are limitless. An example of this is the da Vinci robot that can assist surgeons in performing complex surgeries involving the heart, head, neck, and other sensitive areas. There are other robotic devices created as an exoskeleton that can be used to provide additional support to people undergoing rehabilitation after spinal injuries, strokes, etc.

6. Underwater exploration

Robots are a great choice for exploring places that humans can’t easily reach, such as the depths of the ocean! There’s a lot of water pressure in the deep ocean, which means humans can’t go down, and machines, like submarines, can only go down to a certain depth, too. Underwater is a mysterious place that can finally be explored with specially designed robots. These robots are remotely controlled and can go down to great depths.

Facts of Robotics

  • The word “Robot” comes from the Czech word robota, meaning “hard work,” and first appeared in the 1921 play R.U.R.E. (Rossum Global Robots). The drama ends badly when the machines rebel and kill their creators, leaving the only survivor.
  • say it was an accident. The first known case of robotic killing occurred in 1981, when a worker at a Japanese Kawasaki plant was crushed by a robotic arm.
  • More than a million industrial robots are currently in use, about half of them in Japan.
  • Archytas of Taranto, a friend of Plato, built a mechanical bird powered by jets of steam or compressed air, perhaps the first robot in history, in the 5th century BC.
  • Leonardo da Vinci sketched out plans for a humanoid armored machine in 1495. Engineer Mark Rochem created a working miniature version for NASA to help colonize Mars.
  • Slow But Steady: The real Mars rover, Spirit and Opportunity, cruised 10.5 miles across the Red Planet for more than three years. Unstoppable bots are built to last 90 days.
  • The United States Military Corps of 4,000 Bots includes Talon reconnaissance bots searching for roadside bombs in Iraq and PackBots searching for Osama bin Laden’s hideout in Afghanistan. Seemingly without much success.
  • PackBot manufacturer iRobot has also sold more than 2 million Roomba robotic vacuums, using the same environmental sensing technology.
  • Low Tech vs. High Tech: Taliban fighters in Afghanistan have reportedly used ladders to overturn and disable US military robots sent to explore their caves.
  • Elektro, the world’s first humanoid robot, debuted in 1939. The seven-foot-tall walking machine built by Westinghouse, “spoke” more than 700 words stored in 78-rpm registers to simulate a conversation.
  • Life Is Hard In Tinseltown: Elektro later appeared in the B-movie Sex Kittens Go to College.
  • R2-D2 is the only character to appear unchanged (aging, for example, or wearing a funky black costume) in all six Star Wars films.
  • The Dark Secret of 13 R2: He was played by actor Kenny Baker, who was eventually fired and replaced by a CGI character.
  • Chris Melwich of the Bristol Robotics Laboratory has created robots that use bacteria-infused fuel cells to produce electricity from rotten apples and dead flies. The goal: robots looking for their own food.
  • Mini Me: Australian researchers are trying to build a small robot that mimics the swimming motion used by the Escherichia coli bacteria. It will be injected into the patient so that he can take a biopsy from the inside.
  • Professor of Cybernetics Kevin Warwick calls himself the world’s first cyborg, with computer chips implanted in his left arm. He can remotely operate doors, an artificial hand, and an electronic wheelchair.
  • Built by Japan’s NEC System Technologies and Mie University, the 17 Winebot can identify several different wines, cheeses, and snacks. . . up to a certain point. I recently mistook a reporter’s hand for prosciutto.
  • MIT’s Media Lab is trying to make robots personal, developing RoCo, a computer with a head and neck display, and Leonardo, a type of Super Furby designed to respond to emotional cues.
  • Do not attach restrictions! Robotics expert Henrik Christensen predicts that humans will be having sex with robots within four years.
  • Hans Moravec, founder of the Carnegie Mellon Institute for Robotics, predicts that robots will emerge as their own species by 2040. “They can replace us in all essential tasks and, in principle, run our society better without us,” he concludes wryly. cheerful.

Robotics ! The Future!

Discover Japanese robotic suits designed to assist the elderly, the frail and the disabled in everyday life. Watch all the videos in this article. Many companies are working on consumer bots that can navigate their environment, recognize common objects, and perform simple tasks without a dedicated expert install. Perhaps around 2020, the process will have produced the first broadly competent “universal robots” with lizard-like brains that can be programmed for almost any routine task.

With projected increases in computing power, by the year 2030 it may be possible to use a second generation of robots with trainable mouse-like brains. In addition to application programs, these robots can host a set of software “conditioning units” that generate positive and negative reinforcement signals under predetermined conditions. By 2040, computing power should make a third generation of robots with monkey-like brains possible. These robots will learn from mental experiences in simulations that will shape physical, cultural and psychological factors. Physical properties include the shape, weight, strength, texture, and appearance of objects and the knowledge of how to handle them.

Cultural aspects include the name of an object, its value, its appropriate location, and its purpose. Psychological factors, as applied to humans and other robots, include goals, beliefs, feelings, and preferences. Simulations will track external events and modify their models to keep them true to reality. This should allow the robot to learn by imitation and give it some kind of awareness. By the middle of the 21st century, fourth-generation robots with human-like mental strength, capable of abstraction and generalization, may exist. The researchers hope that such machines will result from the fusion of powerful thinking software with third-generation machines. Properly educated fourth-generation robots are likely to become intellectually formidable.

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